They are able to quickly get heatstroke at temperatures of over 90F (30C), but may also freeze at temperatures under 70F (10C). Drafts should be eliminated as effectively, since they can cause pneumonia.
Problems when handling. The way in which to get and hold a guinea pig is by placing one hand below the body, with the thumb about a front leg, and promoting the weight with the second hand under the hindquarters. A guinea pig should never be drawn by the fur or by way of a leg. Maybe not clipping nails. This would be done often, at the least monthly, since the fingernails grow and get in how of the guinea pig. In case a extended nail pauses, it can lead to infections and abscesses.
Utilizing a line mesh bottom cage. This is not recommended with guinea pigs, because their small legs get through the mesh and get annoyed by the metal, producing base sores and an infection called bumblefoot. A solid ground cage with a soft bedding like pelleted paper is much better. Putting a boar and a plant together without being organized for the effects – a lot of small guinea pigs. If not neutered, male and girl guinea pigs put together will in most likelihood spouse and cause offspring. Reproduction guinea pigs is in general not encouraged if you should be perhaps not completely aware of the consequences.
Maybe not making the house guinea-pig-proof. You’ll find so many danger in an average household for a guinea pig on the loose. The most apparent ones include something that moves – be it people, doors, issues that can fall down, or such a thing that will fit a guinea pig. Another is wires – guinea pigs chew every thing in view, and electrical cords are not very good food! Natural flowers are another potential threat to guinea pig health – plenty of them (such as ficus or azalea) cause food accumulation if chewed on.
Perhaps not cleaning the crate often and often enough. Guinea pigs are clear animals and feel unhappy in a filthy cage. Poor health is also often the cause of attacks and different critical diseases. A guinea pig crate must be totally cleaned at least one time weekly (better twice), with the entire
bedding renewed. Food plates and the water tube ought to be washed daily.
Perhaps not giving room enough and exercise. A sight seen frequently is a guinea pig hunched in the corner of a tiny cage, hardly going from that spot all day. Coupled with unrestricted dry food entry, this can be a sure way to make a guinea pig heavy and therefore significantly minimize its lifespan. For guinea pigs, exactly the same fundamental theory applies in terms of humans – leaner is better. A healthier guinea pig must experience firm to the touch, not delicate and wobbly. Techniques to ensure that your guinea pig is in good shape and maybe not obese include enough space (at least 3-4 sq.ft for a grownup guinea pig), toys to perform with, standard exploration forays not in the cage, and limited food access (for instance, serving twice a day).
Inappropriate bedding. Wood particles specifically, though really commonly used, aren’t a good bedding for guinea pigs. They are able to cause foot blisters, incidents to the cavies’fine eyes, and timber dirt which frequently characterizes shavings triggers respiratory (lung) problems. Some types of wood, such as for instance cedar or redwood, also contain greasy components that can also trigger allergies and diseases with guinea pigs.
Incorrect food. This is one of the most repeated reason for ailments and deaths among puppy guinea pigs. Specifically, serving a lot of damp vegetables such as for example lettuce may cause diarrhoea, which can be lethal for a guinea pig within a couple of days. Inadequate use of water (for instance, failure to recognize a gravity water bottle’s ball was stuck and the guinea pig can’t drink enough) leads to contamination and is also very dangerous. Providing water in open dishes in place of a bottle may cause contamination with droppings and bedding substance and numerous infections as a result.